The meanings of some of the Botanical names used to differentiate individual species of plant:....


    abyssinica = from Abysinnia
    acaulis = stemless
    aestivalis = flowering in spring
    alba = white
    alpestris = from mountains
    alpicola = from mountains
    alpina = from the alps
    altissima = tallest
    america = from America
    angustifolia = narrow-leaved
    annua = annual
    antha = -flowered
    arboricola = living on trees
    arctica = from the arctic
    arenaria = from sandy places
    argentea = silvery
    armata = prickly
    arvensis = of the field
    aurantiaca = orange
    aurea = golden, yellow
    australis = from the south
    autumnalis = of autumn
    azurea = blue
    barbata = bearded, hairy
    bellidifolia = with daisy - like leaves
    borealis = from the north
    bulbifera = bearing bulbs
    bulgarica = from Bulgaria
    caerulea = blue
    caespitosa = dense
    campanulata =  like a bell
    campestris = of the field
    canadensis = from Canada
    canariensis = from the Canary Isles
    capensis = from the Cape, South Africa
    chilensis = from Chile
    chinensis = from China
    chrysantha = yellow
    clivora = from the hills
    coccinea = red
    compacta = compact
    decidua = deciduous
    densiflora = dense-flowered
    digitata = leaves like a hand, with five fingers
    edulis = edible
    esculenta = edible
    farinosa = floury, powdery
    ficifolia = like a fig leaf
    flava = yellow
    flora = -flowered
    flore plena = with double flowers
    florida = floriferous
    foetida = with an unpleasant smell
    folia = -leaved
    foliosa = leafy
    fruticosa = shrubby
    gigantea = giant
    glabra = smooth
    glacialis = from cold areas
    glutinosa = sticky
    graeca = from Greece
    graminifolia = with grassy leaves
    grandiflora = large-flowered
    grandis = big
    helvetica = from Switzerland
    hirsuta = hairy
    hispida = bristly
    humilis = short
    hyemalis = of winter
    incana = grey
    inodora = unscented
    integrifolia = entire, undivided leaves
    japonica = from Japan
    lanata = woolly
    lanceolata = lance-shaped leaves
    latifolia = wide-leaved
    longiflora = with long flowers
    longifolia = with long leaves
    lutea = yellow
    macrantha = large flowered
    macro- = large
    macrocarpa = large-fruited
    macrophylla = with large leaves
    macrorrhiza = with large roots
    maculata = spotted
    magellanica = from the south of South America
    magenta = magenta
    magna = big
    majus = bigger
    maritima = maritime, near the sea
    maxima = biggest
    mexicana = from Mexico
    micrantha = small flowered
    microphylla = with small leaves
    millefolia = with many thousands of leaves
    minima = small
    minor = smaller
    montana = from mountains
    multiflora = many flowered
    muralis = growing on walls
    nana = small
    nocturna = nocturnal
    ochroleuca = cream
    odorata = perfumed
    officinalis = with herbal uses
    ovalifolia = with oval leaves
    pallida = cream
    palustris = from marshes
    parvi- = small
    parviflora = small flowered
    parvifolia = with small leaves
    pauci- = few flowered
    pauciflora = few-flowered
    paucifolia = with few leaves
    pendula = hanging
    perennis = perennial
    phoenicea = purple
    phylla = -leaved
    pinnata = with pinnate leaves
    poly- = many
    polyphylla = with many leaves, leafy
    praecox = early, of spring
    pratensis = field
    procumbens = creeping
    prostrata = prostrate
    pulverulenta = dusty
    pumila = small
    punica = red
    purpurea = deep pink
    pygmaea = small
    quercifolia = oak=leaved
    rediviva = perennial
    rivalis = from near rivers
    rivularis = from near rivers
    rosea = rose pink
    rotundifolia = round-leaved
    rubra = red
    rupestris = of hills
    rupicola = of hills
    russica = from Russia
    sanguinea = blood-red
    sativa = cultivated
    saxatilis = of rocks
    scaber = climbing
    scandens = climbing
    semperviva = perennial
    sibirica = from Siberia
    sinense = from China
    somnifera = inducing sleep
    spicata = spiked
    spinosa = spiny
    stellata = starry
    sulphurea = yellow
    sylvestris = of woods
    tenuifolia = with thin, narrow leaves
    texensis = from Texas
    tomentosa = tomentose, woolly
    trifoliata = trifoliate, with three-lobed leaves
    umbellata = unbellate, with flowers in an umbrella
    velutina = velvety
    vernalis = of spring
    villosa = hairy
    violacea = violet
    viridis = green
    viscosa = sticky
    vitifolia = with leaves like a vine
    volubilis = twining
    vulgaris = common

     

 

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